Egocentric sectionalism and the rise of Southern Nationalism, compounded by increasingly poor race relations , were key factors in creating the conditions whereby a civil war could occur – a notion supported by evidence from key political figures at the time, such as Lincoln and Stephens. These two sociopolitical phenomena seem to have fed back into each other, whereby the exposure of regional difference incited the growth of Southern Nationalism, which in turn represented an exacerbation of provincial differences. These developments led to what appeared to be an irresolvable struggle over political power between the North and South, resulting in the American Civil War.
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This ESSAY is Copyright © 2010, Brayton Harris. "Fair Use" is welcome, an acknowledgement would be appropriate: Harris , Brayton . War News: Blue & Gray in Black & White. Newspapers in the Civil War. Scotts Valley, CA: CreateSpace, 2010
The sacking of Darien and the manual labor his troops were compelled to do disheartened Shaw. ‘Our whole experience, so far, has been in loading and discharging vessels,’ he wrote to Brigadier General George C. Strong, commander of Montgomery’s brigade. ‘Colored soldiers should be associated as much as possible with the white troops, in order that they may have other witnesses besides their own officers to what they are capable of doing.’ That opportunity finally arrived on the morning of July 16, 1863. Fighting alongside white troops on James Island, Shaw’s men acquitted themselves well in a sharp skirmish. That same night they ferried to Morris Island, where battle lines had already been drawn for the anticipated attack on Fort Wagner. Despite their exhaustion, hunger, and wet clothes, the men of the 54th were determined to fight on.