On Tuesday, the Supreme Court released orders from the October 6 conference. The court set two original-jurisdiction cases to its docket, Texas v. New Mexico and Florida v. Georgia , for oral argument “in due course.” The court also called for the views of the solicitor general in Apple v. Pepper . The court heard oral argument in Hamer v. Neighborhood Housing Services of Chicago on Tuesday, and it will hear oral argument in National Association of Manufacturers v. Department of Defense and Jesner v. Arab Bank on Wednesday. The calendar for the October sitting is available on the court's website . On Friday the justices will meet for their October 13 conference; our list of "petitions to watch" for that conference will be available soon.
The end is the measure. Any act drawn from the rule must bear in ratio and proportion to that rule or it would be unjust (Aquinas, 1992). Justice requires punishing the guilty even if only some can be punished and sparing the innocent. Morally, justice must always be preferred to equality. Equality cannot be upheld to suspend the operations of justice. Justice cannot ever permit sparing some guilty person, or punishing the innocent. Penalties should be upheld to guarantee that the operations of justice, which are so integral to the sustainability of the individual and state. The application of justice is more than a nobilesse oblige, it is upholding the legal right of the individual and state.
The impact that death penalty publicity has on individuals' criminal activity can be examined in terms of the 'deterrence argument.' In the United States, the 'deterrence argument' is one of the most common justifications for the continued use of capital punishment.   Essentially, the deterrence argument puts forth the notion that executing criminals deters other individuals from engaging in criminal activity.   The existence of a deterrence effect is disputed. Studies – especially older ones – differ as to whether executions deter other potential criminals from committing murder or other crimes. The validity of the deterrence argument has been the subject of social science research since the 18th century, studied by many scholars, including Baldus & Cole in 1975;  Beccaria in 1764;  Bentham in 1830;  Sellin in 1955,  1961,  and 1967;  Schuessler in 1952;  and Tarde in 1912.  Until 1975, such studies agreed that executing convicted criminals and publicizing said executions did not significantly deter other individuals from committing crimes, thus disproving the deterrence argument.