Did you know that every year for a dog or a cat is equivalent to several years for a person when it comes to aging? It’s true – take a look at our dog and cat age charts to see how old your pet is.
In younger pets, it’s important to get that first veterinary visit under your belt. With a new puppy or kitten, your veterinarian will perform an initial physical exam to look for any signs of illness or disorder, and will perform a variety of other tests to make sure your new pet starts off on the right foot. The pre-anesthetic blood work your veterinarian recommends for your pet before a routine spay or neuter is often the first opportunity to establish baseline laboratory values. It’s important to establish baseline laboratory values – in other words, to determine what’s normal for your pet – so that your veterinarian, in future visits, can detect subtle changes from these established baselines which may be the first indication of developing disease. Early disease detection and prevention is paramount to improve the quality and length of our pets lives. During that first visit, your pet will also be given appropriate vaccines. Be sure to read our New Kitten Checklist and New Puppy Checklist to learn more. And it’s important that younger pets, even those that appear to be in perfect health, have yearly exams.
The same goes for older pets – yearly to twice yearly physical exams and blood tests will allow your veterinarian to look for any deviations in your pet’s baseline laboratory values that may detect early developing disease when it is most treatable. You never know – a slight limp or an abnormal spike in blood glucose could mean your pet is developing conditions such as arthritis or diabetes, two conditions you may not be able to detect on your own. In older pets, your veterinarian will also want to screen for thyroid disorders ( hyperthyroidism in cats and hypothyroidism in dogs). For animals with certain clinical signs, radiographs and other imaging studies may lead to the crucial early diagnosis of conditions like heart disease, lung disease, and even cancer